As the temperature of a gas begins to increase the molecules will begin to expand. If this occurs in a diving cylinder the pressure exerted against the internal walls will increase.
Because the cylinder is an inflexible container it will appear as a rise in the internal pressure of the tank.
A good rule of thumb if filling a cylinder or diving in cold environments is that every +/- 1 degree C will transfer to approximately 0.6 Bar pressure change within the cylinder.
An extremely popular acquisition program for young divers, especially in the holiday environment where shallow dives are readily available. Each section of the basic programs that all OWSI's can teach are found in the PADI Instructor Manual - section one being the program standards.
Information about minimum ages can be found either here or in Key Standards for quick reference.
Open Circuit is popular because of its simple design and relatively low-cost build and maintenance. While using air on this system it makes scuba diving accessible to most people in many environments.
Closed Circuit systems are becoming more and more popular and simpler to use thus gaining popularity. This also allows more affordable and safer exploration into new environments such as caves, wreck, and mines.
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Any time someone has aspirated water there is a risk that the function of lungs has been compromised and a risk of infection from bacteria in the water. This is very difficult to determine as a lay first aider and via a visual analysis.
Medical assistance should always be sought after anyone has experienced any degree of drowning. PADI amended the terminology used when teaching EFR and Rescue Diver programs to reflect this.
Near Drowning is no longer used to reduce instances when a rescuer may assist someone that has aspirated water to any degree. They are now considered to have had a drowning incident and must seek medical assistance.
Each compartment is named for the time it takes one halftime to complete. A tissue that has is 75% saturated has completed two halftimes, this means if it is a 60 min compartment it would have taken 120 minutes to fill those compartments.